- Cambodia is officially called the Kingdom of Cambodia and has a constitutional monarchy with two legislative houses. The current monarch is King Norodom Sihamoni and the current prime minister is Hun Manet.
- Cambodia has a population of about 16.7 million people and the official language is Khmer1. The majority of Cambodians are followers of Theravada Buddhism, which is also the official religion.
- Cambodia was once part of the powerful Khmer Empire, which ruled over most of mainland Southeast Asia from the 9th to the 15th century. The empire built many magnificent temples, such as Angkor Wat and Bayon, which are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites2.
- Cambodia became a French protectorate in 1863 and gained independence in 1953. However, it suffered from political turmoil, civil war, and foreign intervention in the 20th century. From 1975 to 1979, Cambodia was under the brutal regime of the Khmer Rouge, which killed about a quarter of the population in a genocide.
- Cambodia is now a developing country that faces many challenges, such as poverty, corruption, human rights violations, landmines, and environmental degradation. However, it also has many opportunities, such as tourism, agriculture, trade, and cultural exchange.
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